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Swimming is an individual or team sport and activity. Competitive swimming is one of the most popular Olympic sports, with events in freestyle, backstroke, breaststroke, and butterfly. Also swimming is a very popular hobby.


Evidence of recreational swimming in prehistoric times has been found, with the earliest evidence dating to Stone Age paintings from around 10000 years ago. Written references date from 2000 BC, with some of the earliest references to swimming including the Iliad, the Odyssey, the Bible, Beowulf, the Quran and others. In 1538, Nikolaus Wynmann, a German professor of languages, wrote the first swimming book, The Swimmeror A Dialogue on the Art of Swimming. Swimming emerged as a competitive recreational activity in the 1830s in England. In 1828, the first indoor swimming pool, StGeorge's Baths was opened to the public. By 1837, the National Swimming Society was holding regular swimming competitions in six artificial swimming pools, built around London. The recreational activity grew in popularity and by 1880, when the first national governing body, the Amateur Swimming Association, was formed, there were already over 300 regional clubs in operation across the country.



Swimming became popular in the 19th century. The goal of competitive swimming is to break personal or world records while beating competitors in any given event. Swimming in competition should create the least resistance in order to obtain maximum speed. However, some professional swimmers who do not hold a national or world ranking are considered the best in regard to their technical skills. Typically, an athlete goes through a cycle of training in which the body is overloaded with work in the beginning and middle segments of the cycle, and then the workload is decreased in the final stage as the swimmer approaches competition.In open water swimming, where the events are swum in a body of open water (lake or sea), there are also 5 km, 10 km and 25 km events for men and women.

Popular swimming styles:

- Butterfly

- Backstroke

- Breaststroke

- Dolphin



Karolina D.


„Hiking in the mountains”


Hiking in the mountains it's a great idea on your holidays and free time. This is good entertainment for tourist and people who like nature or adventure.

This hobby combines a physical activity with seeing a beautiful landscape.


To walk in the mountains you must have only: trekking boots, comfortable socks, thermoactive underwear and clothes on every weather.

Don't forget about the cap! At least a day before your trip you must plan your journey in the mountains.

Remember to take a map with trails, proper quantity of food and water. A torch could be useful, too.


To conquer mountain peak you should get up very early. When you climb you always see beautiful landscapes,

but these views aren't as amazing as on the mountain peak. From the top you see wonderful scenery:

valley, mountains, sometimes waterfalls and innumerable quantities of the mountain peaks.

It isn't possible to describe it. You must see it yourself.


Some of the mountains are as high that they look like swimming in the clouds.

Usually on the mountain peak stands a big cross, which indicate the goal of hiking.

Sometimes there is a book where tourists could write name, date and other informations,

for example where are they from.


Hiking could be a good way to spend time with the family.


Mikolaj Mazur

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