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Brazil

Officially the Federative Republic of Brazil.
National anthem is “Hino NacionalBrasileiro”.
It is the largest country in South America and fifth largest country in the world.


The coast is over 7491 kilometers long.
It is bordered on the north by Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and the French overseas region of French Guiana; on the northwest by Colombia; on the west by Bolivia and Peru; on the southwest by Argentina and Paraguay and on the south by Uruguay.
Numerous archipelagos form part of Brazilian territory, such as Fernando de Noronha, Rocas Atoll, Saint Peter and Paul Rocks, and Trindade and MartimVaz.
It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile.
Capital of Brazil is Brasília and the largest city is São Paulo.
Official language is Portuguese.
The highest point is Pico da Neblina and the lowest is Atlantic Ocean.
Major river is Amazon.
Territory of Brazil can be divided into three major geographic areas: the part of Guiana highlands in the north, the Brazilian Plateau in the south-east, and the Amazon lowlands known as Amazonia, the north and north-west. In addition, the South West is also a part of Lowland La Plata.
Currency is Brazilian real (BRL). One BRL is 1.6 zl.
The national beverage is coffee and cachaça is Brazil's native liquor.
National dish is Feijoada (dish made with black beans, pork, rice, collard greens, cassava flour and orange).
The most popular sport in Brazil is football. Brazilian representation won World Championship 5 times. The best footballer is Pelé. People in the Brazil like Formula 1 too.
Samba is the national dance.
Head of the country is president Dilma Rousseff.


Karla

 
Big Ben

Big Ben is the nickname for the great bell of the clock of the Palace of Westminster in London.
On 12th September 2012 Clock Tower was officially named Elizabeth Tower because of Queen’s 60 reign anniversary.
It was built in 1858, after a fire in Palace and became one of the most prominent symbols of London.
The clock and dials were designed by Augustus Pugin.
The palace has got 1200 rooms and 3 kilometers of corridors.
To step into the tower you must pass by 334 degrees.
At every clock’s shield you can find a inscription “DominesalvamfacreginamnostramVictoriamprimam”. It means “O Lord, keep safe our Queen Victoria the First”.
Big Ben was inactive from 10.08.1976 to 9.05.1977 because there was a mechanical defect.
On 27 May, 2007 it stopped ticking for 90 minutes.
The strike of the famous clock is broadcast all over the world by the BBC.
Big Ben is an extremely huge clock. What is more, it is very precise. Twice a day the clock is checked by some officials from the Greenwich Observatory if the time is right.
Big Ben rarely goes wrong. Only once it failed to show the right time, when a painter who was painting the tower, hung a bucket full of paint on clock’s hand which slowed it down.

Karolina C.

 
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